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.Understanding Fuel, Fire and Wick

Please note that this is a page on our website to share information about fire and fire products safety. This is not a product you can order.

UNDERSTANDING WICK, FUEL & FIRE
Fire is extremely dangerous. Be aware of the particular characteristics of the fuel you are using and the safety precautions before you use it.

Flash Point
Flash point is when fuel ignites into flame. Fuel safety is governed primarily by flash point. The higher the flash point the safer the fuel is to use, transport and store. A popular misconception is that low flash point fuels are better. This actually means that less heat is required to ignite the fuel. Therefore, low flashpoint fuels tend to be easier to ignite accidentally, more explosive and often very toxic. Fuels that have a flash point above 65 degrees are categorised as a combustible liquid (not a flammable liquid) and are much safer to use. NEVER use petrol or shellite as they are highly flammable and therefore very dangerous.

Toxicity
All fuels are toxic, however the levels of toxicity do vary from one fuel to another. This information can be found on the associated MSDS.

Smoke
Breathing in smoke fumes should be avoided as it is generally toxic.

Fire Breathing
There is no safe fire-breathing liquid available. Common health hazards associated with prolonged fire-breathing include:
  • emphysema;
  • pneumonia;
  • blood poisoning;
  • low white blood count;
  • extreme allergic reactions; and
  • death.
Most fuels are made from hydrocarbons, which are class A carcinogens. For this reason, there is no safe way to fire-breathe.

Mixing Fuels
Never mix fuels. When two fuels are mixed, they will not usually ignite at the same time even though they are mixed together. This is very dangerous. Toxicity levels cannot be controlled when fuels or additives are mixed together, and can be volatile.

Transportation
Flammable liquids are very dangerous to transport. Only transport fuel in the original container/s supplied with the fuel; never re-use plastic bottles.

Which Fuel?
Firewater® is a purpose-made performance fuel with a high flash point. It was designed by Juggleart in an attempt to offer the public a fuel that is of the lowest toxicity and highest flash point, providing a quality fuel with a level of safety that was previously unavailable. With a bright flame, low smoke and no odour, Firewater® is a 3.3 class-rating fuel, which means that it will not ignite until the temperature reaches 72ºC. This gives the user a greater safety zone in the event of accidents and spillages, while at the same time providing rapid light when exposed to flame.

Firewater® is available from Juggleart and is not to be used as fire breathing fuel. Any injuries/deaths that may occur due to improper use of Firewater® will not be attributed to Juggleart.

Safety
1 Have a fire extinguisher on hand and a fire blanket ready.
2 Keep performance area clear of clothing and other props.
3 Avoid wearing synthetic fabrics, as they will melt to your skin. Natural fibres and close fitting clothes are best.
4 Seal your fuel container and move it away from your performance area after dipping and before lighting up.
5 Check that wicks or other equipment are in good condition. Trim any loose threads before lighting up.
ALL ABOUT WICK
Types of Wick
There are many different types of fire wick available in the world. The textile used, weave and thickness of the fire wick determines the quality. For example, wick with a loose weave will smoulder more readily than wick with a tight weave. Generally, the higher the quality of the wick the longer it will last. Juggleart wick is made for strength and absorbency.

How Does Wick and Fuel Work?
The wick absorbs and holds the fuel, which then in turn will burn upon ignition. The flame will burn evaporating fuel out of the wick until it is gone at which time you will need to soak the wick in fuel once again.

Applying Wick
Take your time and secure your wick tightly with the appropriate screws. The end product will be safer and last longer. The looser your wick is the faster it will wear out.

Curing Your Wick
To break in or cure your new wick:
1 Soak it in fuel until there are no bubbles.
2 Take the wick out of the fuel and light it.
3 Put out the flame after a few seconds.
Repeat steps 1 to 3 four or five times before beginning a full burn out. Following this process will greatly lengthen the life of your wick.

When To Re-Fuel
Put your wicks out before they burn out. If you see sparks coming off your equipment this means that the cotton is burning rather that the fuel. Put your wick out when the flame is a few inches high, then re-soak. You’re then ready to continue your burn out. This will also lengthen the life of your wick.

Storing Your Wick
When packing away your equipment it is recommended that you re-soak your wick in fuel. This ensures that the wick will not smoulder and lead to premature deterioration.
SAFETY
Remembering telephone numbers during an emergency is very difficult. We recommend that you keep all relevant information handy while you are using fire.

For Victorians, we suggest:
  • Emergency Fire, Police, or Ambulance: 000*
  • Non-Emergency Police: 131 444
  • Victorian Poisons Information Centre: 131 126 (24 hours)
  • NURSE-ON-CALL: 1300 60 60 24
  • The Victorian Bushfire Information Hotline: 1800 240 667
  • Red Cross Information Line: 1800 727 077
  • Lifeline: 13 11 14
  • SuicideLine: 1300 651 251

* People with a hearing or speech impediment can use the text-based emergency services network by dialing 106 on a teletypewriter (TTY). The 106 service does not accept voice calls.

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